PC Software Essential Guideas a Modern PC User in 2024


Welcoming Readers to the World of Modern Software

Are you ready to explore the exciting world of modern computer software? Think of this guide as your buddy, walking you through all the key factors you need as a modern PC user in 2024.

PC Software Essential Guide by softopaz.com

Whether you’re a pro at clicking or just a newbie starting, we’ve got your back.

In this guide, you’ll learn:

Let’s begin by understanding the basics

What is Computer Software?

In short, computer software is the unseen magic that brings your computer to life.

Technically, it’s a collection of instructions and data that tell your computer how to work.

You can understand software as a recipe book. Which guides all the electronic parts of the PC to perform different tasks and functions. Without software, your computer would be like a kitchen full of appliances with no idea how to cook!

What are the two main categories of PC software?

PC software can be divided into two main categories. They are system software and application software.

System Software: behind-the-scenes hero

System Software manages the basic functions of the PC by controlling the hardware. They create a platform for the application software to run on.

This includes the operating system (OS) of the PC and everything that helps manage the computer’s hardware.

Examples of System Software

  • Microsoft Windows (various versions like Windows 10, Windows 11)
  • macOS (versions like Mojave, Catalina, Big Sur, Monterey)
  • Linux Distributions (such as Ubuntu, Fedora, CentOS, Debian)
  • Device Drivers (for managing specific hardware components like printers, graphic cards)
  • BIOS/UEFI Firmware (basic input/output system for PC booting)

Application Software: star performers

These are the tools that help you to get specific tasks done.

Whether it’s browsing the web, listening to a song, reading a PDF, or playing a game, these are all application software. Some of them are pre-installed, and others you may install according to your needs.

Examples of Application Software

  • Web browsers (like Google Chrome which helps to browse the web)
  • Media Players (like VLC Media Player for listening to songs, and watching movies)
  • Microsoft Office Suite (Word, Excel, PowerPoint)
  • Antivirus Programs (like Bitdefender, Kaspersky, Eset)
  • Video conferencing Apps (Skype, Zoom) 

Bringing It Together

So, in simple terms, System Software is the essential base that gets your computer up and running. Application Software is what you use to do specific tasks.

Types of Software in 2024the popular categories

Let’s explore different types of popular PC software categories with examples. We’ve sorted them into easy-to-understand categories. You can learn more about each type of software by clicking on its heading.


Operating Systems

Operating Systems are the foundational software that manages every bit of computing magic. It’s from the moment you press the power button to launch your favorite applications.

Examples of Operating Systems

  • Microsoft Windows 11, 10
  • macOS by Apple
  • Ubuntu, Linux Mint

Security & Privacy

Security and Privacy software serves as the digital armor to safeguard your data on the PC. There are numerous subcategories, each addressing different aspects of computer security and privacy.

Sub-categories: Antivirus Suites, Firewall Software, Encryption tools, VPNs, Password Managers, Folder Lockers, etc.

Examples of Security Software

  • Bitdefender Total Security (Antivirus)
  • 1Password (Password Manager)
  • iObit Protected Folder (Folder Locker)

System Utility

Utility software is like the Swiss Army knife of your PC. These tools help to manage, maintain, and optimize the performance of the computer. They consist of many subcategories.

Sub-categories: PC Optimizer, Driver Updater, Uninstaller, Game Booster, and many more.

Examples of Utility Software

  • iObit Advanced SystemCare (PC Optimizer) 
  • Hard Disk Sentinel (Hardware Monitoring)
  • Smart Game Booster (Game Optimizer)

Data Management & Recovery

Data Management & Recovery tools help to manage, organize, and recover your data. These tools consist of various subcategories.

Sub-categories: Data Backup, Recovery, Eraser, Partition Manager, and many more.

Examples of Data Management & Recovery Software

  • AOMEI Partition Assistant Pro (Partition Manager) 
  • Magoshare AweEraser (Data Eraser)
  • EaseUS Data Recovery

Video Processing

Video Software on PC is also an important type for any modern user. These tools contain a wide range of subcategories as well.

Sub-categories: Video Editors, Converters, Screen Recorder, Movie Maker, Slideshow Creator, etc.

Examples of Video Editing & Production Software

  • EaseUS VideoKit Pro (Video Editor)
  • iTop Screen Recorder PRO
  • VideoProc Converter

Photo Editing & Graphic Design

Photo tools are like magic wands for visual artists, photographers, and designers. These tools help to manipulate images and transform simple photos into stunning artworks.

Sub-categories: Photo Editors, Image Converters, Watermark Removers, Image Compressors, etc.

Examples of Photo Editing & Graphic Design Software

  • Ashampoo Photo Commander
  • WonderFox Photo Watermark
  • SoftOrbits Photo Stamp Remover

Document Management

Document software is one of the commonly needed types for PC users. They help to create, manage, organize, and process documents.

Sub-categories: Text Editors, PDF Editors, Office Suites, Document Converters, OCR Tools, etc.

Examples of Document Management

  • iTop PDF (PDF Editor)
  • WonderFox Document Manager
  • VovSoft Text Edit Plus

Getting Started with New Software on PCKey Steps

Getting Started with new software on your PC is an exciting journey. Let’s walk through the three simple steps together: downloading, installing, and activating.

Pre-requirement Check: Some software has minimum system requirements that are defined by the software provider. So, It’s important to check whether your PC meets these requirements to function the software properly. This information is usually listed on the software’s download page.

1. Downloading

First things first, you need to download the software from a reliable source. There are do’s and don’t in this step.

  • Use the official site to download the installer
  • Use Microsoft Store to find new Apps
  • Don’t download cracked versions from third-party websites
  • Don’t download cracked versions via torrents

The installer will be downloaded in the form of a .exe (executable) file. Sometimes, It’s a compressed file like .zip or .rar in Windows, and .dmg or .pkg for macOS.

2. Installing

All the modern installers guide users through an installation wizard. During the installation, don’t rush through, read each step carefully.

Sometimes, you might want to change the directory where the software is installed. This is usually done through a ‘Custom’ installation option.

There are some critical things in the Installation step

  • Never disable the Antivirus program to install suspicious software
  • Untick additional offers that you don’t want like add-ons, toolbars, etc.

Even during the final steps, review the settings and understand what changes will be made to your system

3. Activating

As long as your newly installed software is not freeware, or pre-activated, you will need to activate it to start using it.

There are two main activation methods in modern software

Tip: In some scenarios, activation might require an internet connection!

  1. Entering a License Key: Upon installation or the first time you run the software, you will be prompted to enter the license details. Most of the time, it’s a unique string of characters that serves as proof of purchase.
  2. Signing in to an Account: This method involves linking the software to a specific user account with the software provider. So, you may need to log into the software with your account credentials, which have been authorized for use.

Update if Necessary: After activation, check if there are any updates available for the program. It’s always good to have the latest version for a smoother experience.

Finally, post-installation, let your antivirus software take a quick sweep. Consider it the final checkpoint, ensuring your newly installed application is clean and secure.

Software License ComparisonFreeware vs Shareware vs Paid vs Giveaway

Three major software license types can be seen in the modern software world. Here’s a friendly and informative table to understand the different types of software licenses.

Type of LicenseDescriptionKey Points
FreewareCompletely free software with no cost involved. You can use it for free forever. However, the free version might have fewer features compared to its paid versions.Completely free
May have fewer features
May not receive future updates 
May not include free technical support
SharewareYou can use this software for free initially but with certain limitations for some features. To unlock full features or continue using it long-term, you need to pay.Limited free use
Pay for full access
May not receive future updates 
May not include free technical support
GiveawayThis is a special kind of license that is provided by software vendors. They give opportunity for users to activate the full version of the software for free within a limited time.Use full features for free
May not receive future updates
May not include free technical support
PaidThis is the license you purchase from the official site or an authorized reseller. Under this license type, you’ll get full access to all features and updates.Full feature access
Regular updates
May include free technical support

Each type has its benefits and drawbacks, so it’s about finding what works best for your needs and budget.

Would you like to try the full version of the software for FREE? Check out our giveaway section.


Understanding modern PC Software and its categories is important for any regular PC user. The guide categorizes software into system software and application software. It covers a range of software types and elaborates on the process of downloading, installation, and activation. Additionally, the guide clarifies different software license types in the market. 

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the must-have software on a new PC?

This largely depends on the user’s needs. But generally, all users need to have a robust antivirus, fast Web Browser, powerful Internet Downloader, good media player, and PC optimizer.


Nirmitha is a blogger and software enthusiast with a lifelong passion for exploring and testing computer software. He developed Softopaz to offer global users the opportunity to enjoy full versions of software legally and for free. Before launching this site, he managed hundreds of client projects on platforms like Fiverr.

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